BDT series Indianbiodiesel Processors
Indianbiodiesel processing units of Indianbiodiesel Technologies, Kolkata, India produce ASTM D6751-compliant Indianbiodiesel from any vegetable oil or animal fats with an Acid Value of 5% or less. Production rates range from 5000 Lts. To 5,00,000 Lts.per day. This production rate includes down time for regular maintenance and upkeeps well as personnel shift changes throughout the day.
At first jatropha was grown not as a commodity, but for the intrinsic value of the tree. Traditionally it is, for instance, used for medicinal purposes and the production of soap (1, 2). Jatropha planted in rows forms an effective hedge protecting crops from browsing livestock, serving as wind and fire barriers (3, 4).
Jatropha is used in contour planting to prevent soil erosion or to rehabilitate eroded watersheds. Examples of such use can be found in Ethiopia, Mali and Tanzania. The situation changed in 2004/2005, when jatropha began to be viewed globally as a possible source of biofuel. The aim of this article is to introduce Jatropha curcas and to explain what uses it has for biofuel and beyond.
A description of jatropha
Jatropha curcas L. is a monoecious shrub or small tree of on average 3-5 and up to 8 m height, with a single main straight stem and multiple secondary branches with leaves arranged alternately on the stem (3, 4). The crop belongs to the genus Euphorbiaceae and can be found in many tropical and subtropical regions, roughly between 30°north and 35°south. Jatropha grows in arid and semi-arid areas, e.g. in India, and is therefore known as drought tolerant, but for seed production sufficient water is needed.
The benefits and the medicinal values of Kalonji are known to the world since the ancient times. Kalonji is an ayurvedic herb and known for its powerful curing and healing aspects. Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.) said that Kalonji is the remedy for all diseases except Death. Due to its surprising protective and healing powers, Kalonji oil is regarded as ‘Miracle Cure’. Therapeutically, Kalonji oil is used as anti-histamine, anti-pyretic, anti-helmintic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour, anti-bacterial and antioxidants.
Kalonji is an ayurvedic herb, producing blue flowers and black seeds, which are helpful in extracting Kalonji oil. The half meter bush is, in fact, originated in Turkey and Italy. Kalonji black seeds are being eaten for centuries in the Gulf countries, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is abundantly found in these areas. Kalonji oil is used in food in many parts of the world, especially the Middle-East. The plant is given more importance in the Middle-East and Muslim world as Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.) said that Kalonji, the black granules is the remedy for all diseases except death, according to Hazrat Abu Hurerah (R. A). Kalonji are small black seeds, also known as nigella seeds.